What are the Symptoms and Causes of Miscarriage

Estimated read time 3 min read

symptoms causes Miscarriage

Miscarriage means the failure of pregnancy in the beginning stage.  It is known as spontaneous abortion too. What causes miscarriage? There are many reasons, such as:

Ovofetal cause

In 60% of the cases, the ovum is imperfect and is unsuccessfully to develop. Sometimes it is caused because the fetus is malformed.

Maternal cause

Typical maternal disease such as fever is a big cause of it.  Local disorders of genital tract such as growth defects and retroversion can become a major maternal cause of miscarriage.  Another reason is cervical ineffectiveness, which may be because of less strength of cervical muscles congenitally.

Paternal cause

Both the parents give half of the chromosomes; lack of chromosomes from the paternal or maternal resources may result in miscarriage, especially if both the parents share many common HLA antigen sites.


Age factor

Women who are more than 40 years have a high risk of miscarriage. It also depends on how many children you have.

Constant disease

Diseases like diabetes, a hematological disease that is inherited, hormonal disorder; can increase the risk of miscarriage.

Uterine problems

Uterine irregularity or a weak cervix can also increase the chance of miscarriage


Some illnesses can even increase the risk of miscarriage such as mumps, rubella, HIV, parvovirus.

Intake of drugs

Smoking, taking alcohol and taking drugs such as cocaine and MDMA in pregnancy can cause miscarriage. Even it advised not to take a lot of caffeine during pregnancy.


Some medicine can be a source miscarriage so one should ask a doctor before taking it.


Symptoms Of Miscarriage

  • Vaginal bleeding is the primary sign of it. Many women have stains in their early pregnancy.
  • Some women experience abdominal pain, this is after some vaginal bleeding.
  • A doctor tells about miscarriage when he pays attention to the heartbeat of the baby.

Treatment of Miscarriage

The treatment depends on whether there is an incomplete miscarriage or complete.

  • Complete miscarriage:-

If there is no fetal tissue left that means it is a complete one, so far no medical treatment is needed.

  • Incomplete miscarriage:-

If there is the retention of any product of concepts, then it is an incomplete one. It needs to be removed because there are chances of infection and heavy vaginal bleeding. It can be done in three ways:

A small surgery

Surgery is done after 2 to 3 days so that the danger of extreme bleeding and infection in the womb subsides. The standard procedure involves dilatation and curettage.

Utilization  of medicines

This includes the dissolution of the potential risk via treatment with medicines, but after the administration of such medicines, women can experience intense periods.

Delay in measures so that tissue can pass naturally

In this method, there is a chance of very heavy periods. In some cases, it doesn’t work.

Post-Miscarriage Stage

After the miscarriage, women will have mild menstrual cramps and even light bleeding for a week. So, in this case, a woman should avoid sex and use vaginal medicines unless the bleeding has stopped. They should think of conceiving again after 3 4 months.


Sara Batool

I am doing my master's degree at Bahauddin Zakariya University and at the same time, I am working as a news editor at "The Daily News Times".

You May Also Like

More From Author