Miscarriage means the failure of pregnancy in the beginning stage. It is known as spontaneous abortion too. What causes miscarriage? There are many reasons, such as:
In 60% of the cases, the ovum is imperfect and is unsuccessfully to develop. Sometimes it is caused because the fetus is malformed.
Typical maternal disease such as fever is a big cause of it. Local disorders of genital tract such as growth defects and retroversion can become a major maternal cause of miscarriage. Another reason is cervical ineffectiveness, which may be because of less strength of cervical muscles congenitally.
Both the parents give half of the chromosomes; lack of chromosomes from the paternal or maternal resources may result in miscarriage, especially if both the parents share many common HLA antigen sites.
Women who are more than 40 years have a high risk of miscarriage. It also depends on how many children you have.
Diseases like diabetes, a hematological disease that is inherited, hormonal disorder; can increase the risk of miscarriage.
Uterine irregularity or a weak cervix can also increase the chance of miscarriage
Some illnesses can even increase the risk of miscarriage such as mumps, rubella, HIV, parvovirus.
Intake of drugs
Smoking, taking alcohol and taking drugs such as cocaine and MDMA in pregnancy can cause miscarriage. Even it advised not to take a lot of caffeine during pregnancy.
Some medicine can be a source miscarriage so one should ask a doctor before taking it.
Symptoms Of Miscarriage
- Vaginal bleeding is the primary sign of it. Many women have stains in their early pregnancy.
- Some women experience abdominal pain, this is after some vaginal bleeding.
- A doctor tells about miscarriage when he pays attention to the heartbeat of the baby.
Treatment of Miscarriage
The treatment depends on whether there is an incomplete miscarriage or complete.
- Complete miscarriage:-
If there is no fetal tissue left that means it is a complete one, so far no medical treatment is needed.
- Incomplete miscarriage:-
If there is the retention of any product of concepts, then it is an incomplete one. It needs to be removed because there are chances of infection and heavy vaginal bleeding. It can be done in three ways:
A small surgery
Surgery is done after 2 to 3 days so that the danger of extreme bleeding and infection in the womb subsides. The standard procedure involves dilatation and curettage.
Utilization of medicines
This includes the dissolution of the potential risk via treatment with medicines, but after the administration of such medicines, women can experience intense periods.
Delay in measures so that tissue can pass naturally
In this method, there is a chance of very heavy periods. In some cases, it doesn’t work.
After the miscarriage, women will have mild menstrual cramps and even light bleeding for a week. So, in this case, a woman should avoid sex and use vaginal medicines unless the bleeding has stopped. They should think of conceiving again after 3 4 months.
I am doing my master’s degree at Bahauddin Zakariya University and at the same time, I am working as a news editor at “The Daily News Times”.