Published On: Fri, Apr 17th, 2020

Why Women Faces More Bone Problems? – A Brief Guide

healthy bones

Have you ever wondered why bone problems are so common in women as compared to men? Why almost every woman experiences painful bone disorders in her late years of life? There are many bone problems which are most frequent in women. Some of the common bone problems are Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Osteoarthritis.

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Osteoporosis:

Talking about Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in women. In this disease, a reduction in bone density is encountered, which makes the bone fragile and there is a high risk of fractures.  The procedure of reconstruction of bone slows down in Osteoporotic patients. There are three types of osteoporosis:

  1. Post-Menopausal

    This is the most common one; it is caused by the deficiency of estrogen. This estrogen hormone helps in regulating the mineralization process of bone and therefore, helps to maintain bone density. Unfortunately, after menopause, due to lack of estrogen hormone in a female’s body, the protective shield of bone disappears and the process of bone resorption continuously takes place without any counter-balance of the process of bone-building process.

  2. Senile Osteoporosis

    Mostly aged women have this problem. It is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D and calcium in the body, which results in an increased surge of parathyroid hormone in the blood. This leads to the consequences of bone demineralization, as parathyroid hormone stimulates the release of calcium from the bones to maintain blood calcium level. As osteoclastic activity already over-rules osteoblastic activity in old age, therefore, due to low intake of calcium and vitamin D in the body; both processes simultaneously decrease bone density.

  3. Idiopathic osteoporosis

    The cause of this disease is still unknown.

Inactive lifestyles of today’s women, smoking, deficiency of calcium and vitamin D, family history; all can lead to this bone disease. Women should take a sufficient amount of vitamin D and calcium to avoid this disease. If some women have this problem, they should take care of themselves by using a wheelchair and walker. Women should make their bones stronger by eating healthy food.

To avoid the progression of Osteoporosis, it is necessary to be cautious about ample intake of vitamin and calcium supplements regularly, and too much bone exertion should be avoided to protect your bones from fractures.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is very common in women. It is a long term, chronic disease. Its cause is still unknown so it is named as an autoimmune disease. In this disease, the lining of the joints becomes swollen and this changes the shape of the bone which can further lead to bone erosion.  Some other symptoms of it are fever and fatigue.

This disease mostly occurs in middle age, it is a genetic disease.  This disease can also lead to cardiac problems. Some classical symptoms to identify rheumatoid arthritis are morning stiffness of joints at least for an hour on waking up, and bilaterally affected joints of the body including wrist, hand joints, knees, and ankle joints. Standard treatment for RA patients comprises of bed rest, joint strengthening exercises and drugs of choice including DMARDS, and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Osteoarthritis

Another bone problem in women which is very common is known as Osteoarthritis. Hips and knees are affected by this disease.  It is a chronic disease. This disease starts when the cartilage of the synovial joints starts wearing off. This situation leads to the inflammation of joints and it changes the form of the adjacent bones. The bone becomes thick and spurs form.

Spurs are attached to the joint which causes more problems in the movement. When bones get rubbed together, there is a feeling of pain and discomfort in that area. Sometimes there is swelling in that area which leads to further problems.

The two common demonstrations of this disease are Bouchard’s nodes and Heber den’s nodes. These two nodes located in the fingers.

This disease is due to age and the inactive lifestyle plays an important role in this disease. There are even many other reasons for this problem. Unnecessary weight bearing down on the joints can be a reason for this disease.  Diabetes and other types of arthritis can be a reason for osteoarthritis.

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