Agra: History, Climate, Population, Tourism, GDP, Infrastructure

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Agra History, Tourism, Population, Climate

Agra is a city in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located approximately 200 kilometers south of the capital city of New Delhi.

Agra is known for its historical and cultural significance, and it is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Taj Mahal, one of the most famous and recognizable landmarks in the world.

The Taj Mahal was built in the mid-17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a tomb for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is a symbol of love and is considered one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in the world.

In addition to the Taj Mahal, Agra is home to a number of other historical and cultural attractions, including the Agra Fort and the Itmad-ud-Daula Tomb.

Agra is also known for its handicrafts, including marble and stone carvings, brassware, and textiles. The city has a long history of handicraft production and is an important center for traditional arts and crafts.

Agra is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from all over the world. It is easily accessible by road, rail, and air, and is well-connected to other major cities in India.

Climate of Agra

The climate of Agra is classified as a tropical monsoon climate, with hot and dry summers and cool, wet winters. During the summer months of April to June, temperatures can reach up to 45°C (113°F) with high humidity.

The monsoon season, from July to September, brings heavy rainfall to the region, with an average of about 1,000 millimeters (39 inches) of rain per year. Winter is the best time to visit Agra, with temperatures ranging from a minimum of around 7°C (45°F) to a maximum of about 28°C (82°F).

The city is known for its high levels of pollution, which can be particularly severe during the winter months due to the combination of cold temperatures, low wind speeds, and the burning of crop residue and other fuels.

It is advisable to take precautions against air pollution, such as wearing a mask and staying indoors when the air quality is poor.


According to the 2021 population census, the city of Agra has a population of approximately 1.7 million people. Agra is the second most populous city in the state of Uttar Pradesh and is one of the largest cities in India.

It is a diverse city, with a mix of different cultural, religious, and linguistic groups. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Agra, but many other languages are also spoken in the city.

Agra is an important economic and cultural center in northern India and is home to a number of universities, hospitals, and research institutes.

The city has a thriving tourism industry, with a large number of hotels, restaurants, and other tourism-related businesses catering to the needs of visitors. Agra is also an important hub for industry, with a number of large factories and manufacturing units located in the city and its surrounding area.

GDP of Agra

Agra is an important industrial and tourist center in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is known globally for its iconic monument, the Taj Mahal, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of tourists every year.

The city is also home to a number of small and medium-sized industries, including leather, handicrafts, and textiles.

According to the latest data from the Indian government, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Agra was INR 58,054 crore (approximately USD 8 billion) in 2020-2021. This represents a significant contribution to the state’s economy and reflects the city’s importance as an industrial and tourist center.

However, it is worth noting that GDP is only one measure of the economic health and well-being of a region and does not take into account other important factors such as employment, income, and living standards.

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Official Language of Agra

The official language of Agra is Hindi, which is spoken by the majority of the city’s population. Hindi is one of the two official languages of the Indian government and is spoken by a large percentage of the population across the country.

It is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family and is written in the Devanagari script.

In addition to Hindi, a number of other languages are also spoken in Agra. English is widely understood and used in business and education, and many people in the city are also proficient in Urdu, which is the official language of the neighboring state of Uttar Pradesh.

In general, Agra is a culturally diverse city, with a mix of different religions, languages, and traditions. It is a melting pot of different cultures and influences, and this is reflected in the city’s rich history and vibrant cultural scene.

Infrastructure in Agra

Agra is an important city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, and it has a well-developed infrastructure. The city is connected by a network of roads and highways to other major cities in the region and to the rest of the country.

The National Highway 2 (also known as the Delhi-Kolkata Highway) passes through Agra, providing a key transportation link to the capital, Delhi, and other cities in the region. The city also has a number of state and national highways connecting it to other parts of Uttar Pradesh and India.

Agra has a number of airports, including the Kheria Airport, which is located about 5 kilometers (3 miles) from the city center and serves domestic flights. The city is also well-connected by rail, with several trains running to and from Agra on a daily basis.

The Agra Cantonment railway station is the main railway station in the city, and it is connected to other major cities in the country, including Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata.

In terms of public transportation, Agra has a number of options, including buses, auto rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws. The city also has a number of taxi and car rental companies, which can be hired for local travel or long-distance trips.

Agra has a number of hospitals and healthcare facilities, including both public and private hospitals. The city also has a number of schools and colleges offering education at different levels. There are also a number of shopping centers, markets, and recreational facilities in the city.

Tourism Industry in Agra

Agra is a major tourist destination in India, known globally for its iconic monument, the Taj Mahal, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Taj Mahal is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world, and it attracts millions of visitors from all over the globe every year.

The city is also home to a number of other historical and cultural attractions, including the Agra Fort, the Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, and the Fatehpur Sikri, which are also popular tourist destinations.

The tourism industry is a major contributor to the economy of Agra and employs a large number of people in the city. In addition to the historical and cultural attractions, Agra also offers a range of other tourist facilities and amenities, including hotels, restaurants, and souvenir shops.

Agra is well-connected by air, rail, and road to other major cities in India, and it is easily accessible from the capital, Delhi, which is just a few hours’ drive away.

The city is also served by a number of international airports, including the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi, which is well-connected to other major cities around the world.

Overall, the tourism industry plays a vital role in the economy and development of Agra, and it is an important contributor to the city’s cultural and social life.

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