Green Screen or LED Volume: Which is Better for Virtual Production?

Estimated read time 4 min read

Depending on the look you’re going for in your video, you can select from a variety of shooting settings. Using a green screen is one of such options. The film business has utilized this for a long time, and it’s still popular now.

Filming in an LED Volume with photorealistic virtual settings, on the other hand, is a growing trend. In this piece, we’ll compare and contrast the two approaches so you can pick the one that’s best for you!

Allow me to describe terms for you: green screen and LED volume. Then I’ll explain how they differ.

To facilitate the subsequent addition of digital effects, a green screen—a massive green or blue backdrop—is typically used in the background of a shot. The special effects team will use computer-generated imagery (CGI) or background material referred known as “plates” to change the green backdrop to anything the director wants in post-production.

The background can be filled with the screen or only partially covered, depending on the area that has to be changed.

With the use of digital components, such as LED panels and a physical set, an LED volume allows the production crew to instantly modify the background images through playback, creating a realistic and immersive experience for the audience.

Differences Between Green Screen and LED Volume

So, how does filming inside an LED volume vary from filming against a green screen? We will provide you with three today:

1. Feel of the Environment

One noticeable difference between using a green screen and an LED volume is the overall atmosphere. All of the room is illuminated by LED panels when you’re shooting in an LED Volume.

For your actors to perform in, this provides an environment that is totally immersive. Conversely, all you need is a green screen placed in front of your camera to achieve green screen photography. Because they will need to see themselves in the setting, this can be more difficult for your performers.

2. Lighitng

The use of light is another area where the two approaches differ. The majority of the light in an LED Volume comes from the panels themselves. Imagine a huge lighting box that the actors could stand in, allowing them to experience lifelike reflections of their surroundings.

However, a DP would typically only light what is directly in front of them. When filming against a green screen, you have much more control over the lighting in your scene. The lighitng is one of the most important factors during the production stage.

Because of this, depending on the lighting of the subjects in the foreground, the green screen might be overexposed, forcing you to re-create the background lighting, which might not turn out properly in post-production. You get exactly what you see in the camera when you use an LED Volume.

3. Post Production Process

The third and perhaps most important distinction between green screen and LED filming is the editing that follows the actual filming. With LED, post-production compositors that utilize chroma keying don’t need to remove green from reflections and then add another artificial reflection on top of that.

Filming in a virtual studio can save time and money in post-production because a compositor doesn’t have to accomplish this frame per frame.


Which approach, then, is superior? What matters most is your scene’s intended purpose. Shooting against a green screen can be the way to go if you wish to isolate a subject and then superimpose it onto another background in post-production.

On the other hand, shooting with an LED volume might be the best option if you’re looking to cut down on post-production time while still giving your viewers a more lifelike and immersive experience.

Have you any opinions? Leave a comment telling us what the difference is between filming with an LED volume and a green screen if you’ve done either!

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